Streaming from Rivendell

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Icecast2 Meta Data from Rivendell

Configuring RDAirplay to send Now&Next Data

Rivendell ships a modul (rlm_icecast2.rlm) to send Now & Next data to the icecast server. It's quite easy to set up.

  1. Install curl (e.g. apt-get install curl)
  2. Open rdadminManage HostsralphieRDAirPlayConfigure Now & Next Parameters
  3. In the section Loadable Modules click on Add, then Select
  4. Select the module rlm_icecast2.rlm
  5. The Argument asks for the path to the config file (e.g. /etc/rlm_icecast2.conf)
  6. Close all windows with "Ok"
  7. Create the config file at the mentioned path
    • An self explaining template for the config file is part of Rivendell, check e.g. on Debian /usr/share/doc/rivendell/examples/conf/rlm_icecast2.conf
    • You can set there as user the admin (check credentials on your icecast host in /etc/icecast2/icecast.xml auf dem Streamrechner)
  8. It is necessary to
    • restart RDAirPlay
    • Activate Transmit Now & Next Data in rdadminManage Groups for each desired group (see following chapter)

What information is submitted (artist, title, etc) is set up in the rlm_icecast2.conf.

Set up Groups for Now & Next data

At this point the RDAirPlay is ready to send UDP messages to update our Streaming, however we must be sure that groups are configured to transmit the event information.

  • Free rdadmin again.

File: rdstreamdata_01.jpeg

  • ClickGroups.

File: rdstreamdata_07.jpeg

  • Select a group that wants to transmit information and clickEdit.

File: rdstreamdata_08.jpeg

  • Check theTransmit Now & Next day and click OK.

File: rdstreamdata_09.jpeg

  • Repeat the last steps for all desired groups.
  • Close and reopen the RDAirPlay. Now the Rivendell should already be updating your streaming server!

Probably outdated Information


Rivendell can be setup to use to jack for audio output. Jack handles connections to ALSA. Hook up the Rivendell outputs to the jack inputs. Jack encodes the stream and sends to your stream source which then feeds your stream server.

Setup Rivendell to Use Jack

Setup Rivendell to use jack in the Rivendell configuration file /etc/rd.conf


possible way of working:

When compiling Rivendell from source, include jack support by installing jack prior to ./configure. Then - after installation - first fire up jack using qjackctl and then start the rd services. You will find a jack "soundcard" in rdadmin.

Configure Jack

You can setup Jack (jackd) in a number of ways. There are packages that will start jack at each bootup (FIXME: NEED DETAILS AND SETUP FOR PACKAGES) or you can use the package qjackctl also called Jack Control to setup and use jack. Jack Control provides a GUI interface for configuring Jack. (FIXME: NEED DETAILS AND SETUP FOR JACK CONTROL).

Install a stream source

Install edcast-jack on your machine.

Download and uncompress the source archive file. Then open a terminal and go to the edcast-jack-3.1.7 (May be a different folder name if the version increases) directory and compile it.

The normal ./configure , make and then run as super user make install worked for me. However, since there is no list of the dependencies I had to run ./configure a number of times watching for the missing files till I got them all installed. Then do make and after that as the super user make install to be up and running. Type edcast-jack in a console window and it will tell you how to invoke it on the command line.

On Ubuntu Jaunty 9.04 the following packages had to be installed to have full edcast-jack functionality: (Mark additional required changes as well!)


edcast-jack Readme

edcast-jack Readme

This version of edcast allows you to hook into any jack output port
and broadcast the audio to an icecast or shoutcast server.

This version of edcast is all command-line oriented, and comes with
example config files for each of the encoding types supported (Ogg Vorbis,
LAME, AAC).  You will most likely need to take one of the example configs
(in the conf dir) and modify it to suit your needs.

Here is an example of how to use it with jack (

Step 1: 
 * startup jackd 

Step 2:
 * Feed a signal into jackd.  There are many applications you can use
   for this, if you like XMMS, try installing

Step 3:
 * Start edcast specifying the appropriate output ports.  To get a list of
   the output ports, use jack_lsp.  If you use XMMS, you'll see something like :

    % jack_lsp

   In this case, the bio2jack_0_32083:out_0 and bio2jack_0_32083:out_1 are the 
   output ports from XMMS.  So you'd start edcast like :

    edcast -c edcast_OggVorbis.cfg bio2jack_0_32083:out_0 bio2jack_0_32083:out_1

   Use edcast -h for a usage.

edcast-jack Usage

usage: edcast -c configfile [ -n jack_client_name ] [ -p portmatch ] [ jackport1 [ jackport2 ... ]]
-c : config file that specified encoding settings
-n : name used to register with jackd
-p : if specified, edcast will connect to the first two output ports matching this name.
jackportX : explicitly specify a jack port name

edcast-jack Sample Configuration File

# Destination server details (to where you are encoding).  Valid server types : Shoutcast, Icecast, Icecast2
# YP (Stream Directory) Settings
ServerName=This is my server name
ServerDescription=This is my server description
# Output codec selection (Valid selections : MP3, OggVorbis, Ogg FLAC, AAC, AAC Plus)
# General settings (non-codec related).  Note : NumberChannels = 1 for MONO, 2 for STEREO
# Ogg Vorbis specific settings.  Note: Valid settings for BitrateQuality flag are (Quality, Bitrate Management)
# LAME specific settings.  Note: Setting the low/highpass freq to 0 will disable them.
# AAC (FAAC) specific settings.
# Log File

Install a broadcast server

You can select one of these broadcast servers. It will receive the encoded stream from the source stream and provide it to the public listeners.

You can choose classic broadcast servers (like Icecast2) or peer-to-peer broadcast solutions (like PeerCast or FreeCast).


Install PeerCast. Current version (as of May 18/2005) is PeerCast v0.1211



Install the FreeCast debian package available on the Tryphon Debian Archiver.


Install the IceCast streaming server using the instructions and source code found at IceCast.


Streamerp2p enables anyone to webcast without expensive servers. Works from your home pc, even on dial-up for some streams. No max limit to listeners like shoutcast. No 'server full' messages, no stream hosting costs, completely free to use for both personal and commercial users. Tiny install (430k), ActiveX version for web pages, and soon a Java version for web and mobile devices.

Streamp2p is a Windows but runs without problem under wine on Ubuntu Linux.

Icecast2/Shoutcast Meta Data from Rivendell


Streamdata for Shoutcast is available from EMITworks. You can download it here.

Streamdata for Icecast2 is available for download here .

Streamdata is a set of scripts to update Shoutcast and Icecast2 using Rivendell Now&Next data.

  • Streamdata was written by Michael Papsdorf
  • Modified for usage in Debian/Ubuntu and Icecast2 by Daniel Roviriego
HowTo stream Rivendell Now & Next data to your Shoutcast server: 
  • Preparation: make sure you have netcat, lynx and awk installed on your system under openSUSE, simply type "zypper install netcat" in a console. Same with Lynx and awk
  • Extract the directory somewhere you will find it ;)
  • In rdadmin, go to manage hosts --> your host --> rdairplay --> configure Now & Next
    • IP-Adress: this is since you are running the script on the same machine
    • UDP Port: anything that is unused, we use 6666
    • UDP String: This is the data you actually send. To output the now playing artist and title enter:
%a %t#

Note: You must include a # at the end of the UDP string so that the updater can tell where one title starts and the other ends.

The following placeholder macros can be used in the UDP String, which will be replaced appropriately when a packet is sent:

%n - The currently-playing CART NUMBER
%g - The currently-playing GROUP NAME
%t - The currently-playing TITLE field
%a - The currently-playing ARTIST field
%l - The currently-playing ALBUM field
%y - The currently-playing YEAR field
%b - The currently-playing LABEL field
%c - The currently-playing CLIENT field
%e - The currently-playing AGENCY field
%u - The currently-playing USER DEFINED field
%h - The length of the currently playing cut, in mS.
%r - A "Unix" style newline (naked ASCII 10)
%R - An "MS-DOS" style newsline (ASCII 13/10)
%% - A literal '%'.

NOTE: Additionally, with the exception of the '%r', '%R' and '%%' placeholders, the corresponding field for the next-to-play event can be specified by simply uppercasing the above placeholders. Any other characters will be sent unchanged.

Remember to put a # at the end of the UDP String, so the updater can keep the different titles apart.

  • RML: Additional RML to execute. To put the update that was sent into the message field in rdairplay, this should read LB updated %a %t! (the ! is mandatory)
  • cd into /streamdata
  • Edit the configuration in and
    • In port set in rdadmin and songdat the path where you extracted the directory to including the directory and song.dat. Example: you put it into /home/rd, than it should read "/home/rd/streamdata/song.dat"
    • In edit the domain name or ip of your shoutcast server, the port it is on, the adminpassword (in case you didn't set one, this is the password you use to stream), a message for when it is started and, once again, the path to song.dat

NOTE: The issue has been fixed. If you downloaded streamdata before 27th of September 2010, the following still applies: In the current release has a hardcoded value in place of a variable. You can fix this by changing

($(nohup lynx -source "$pass&mode=updinfo&song=$title" > /dev/null &))&


($(nohup lynx -source "http://$server:$port/admin.cgi?pass=$pass&mode=updinfo&song=$title" > /dev/null &))&

  • Restart rdairplay so that the changes in now&next take place
  • execute by typing ./

NOTE: The meta data for all songs are written to song.dat. ALL of them. Make sure that song.dat is not getting too big. To reset the file, simply "rm song.dat" and "touch song.dat"

How to stream Rivendell Now & Next data to your Icecast2 server: 

The same instructions as above (for the Shoutcast Server), apart from:

  • There is no need for lynx and awk (wget and tail instead, available natively in Debian and Ubuntu)
  • UDP String: - The same as above, but for getting the titles and Artists to different lines into the "song.dat", Use a wildcard for a newline %r. That would be:  %a - %t %r

NOTE: If you are using Ubuntu 10.04, due to changes in the netcat of this version, you'll have to change the options passed to "nc" in the "" file. Change

netcat -l -u -p $port > $songdat &


netcat -k -u -l $port > $songdat &

Icecast Stream python meta-data Updater Courtesy WZEW-FM MOBILE AL and Nik Martin - Server Corps

Updating metadata IceCast2/Shoutcast with Rivendell - RDSTREAMDATA

Portuguese to English translation

Following these steps can we use the information in "Now & Next" to update the Rivendell icecast2 servers and / or Shoutcast, thereby making the names of the artist and song are running are displayed in the player receiving the stream.

The Rivendell sends this information via UDP messages, what we do is to capture these messages (using netcat), treat them and apply them to the desired shape Shoutcast/Icecast2 streaming services.


The procedures shown here were tested at 10.4 32 bit Ubuntu distribution. Make sure your distribution has the following packages installed:

  • Wget (Used to upgrade servers icecast2)
  • Lynx (Used to upgrade servers Shoutcast)
  • Nc (netcat, used to capture messages sent by RDAirPlay)

The commands used in the scripts provided below will work with NC (netcat) openbsd version which is the default for Ubuntu 10.04. If your distribution uses the traditional NC default, see if there is a binary version of openbsd, as Ubuntu, for example, has both versions. In Ubuntu you can check the versions available with the command:

# Update-alternatives - list nc 

It is not necessary that you change the default version of your system, just set in the following steps to use the version RDStreamData openbsd.


  • Download the package rdstreamdata.tar.gz

[Http:// rdstreamdata.tar.gz]

  • Unzip the package and enter the directory created
# Tar-zxvf rdstreamdata.tar.gz 
# Cd rdstreamdata 
  • As root, run the installation script and read the instructions on screen.
#. / 
Will this script install RDstreamdata, a set of scripts That Will listen to an UDP port is Rivendell Now & Next information and update 
this information to an icecast2 and / or ShoutCast Server. 
Do you want to do it? y / n.y 
  • Enter "y" and hit Enter
Copying files 
Now You Have to edit / etc / rdstreamdata.conf 'to suit your icecast2, Rivendell and ShoutCast Configurations. 
Attemper That You Must Set the username and group Which must run under the process before you start the daemon for the first time. 
Edit / etc / default / rdstreamdata 'and set' Enable 'to' true ', so You Can start it though the init script 
Also you need to Set the script / etc / init.d / rdstreamdata 'to Be automaticaly run in the desired runlevels, 
systems in Ubuntu You may use "sysv-rc-conf 'command for this. 
You Can contact me at 
Thanks for using 

General Settings

  • Now we must set up some items, as described by the installer, start with the'/ etc / defaults / rdstreamdata, where we must fulfill what the user under which the processes are executed. You can use either the user that you log into Linux as the user running the other services of Rivendell, I use the usernamerduser andgroup 'rivendell. NOT recommend that you use root or another user with higher privileges.
  • Even in/ etc / defaults / rdstreamdata set the value ofENABLE totrue, otherwise the daemon will not start.
  • In the file/ etc / rdstreamdata.conf we have all other settings, we should look to the following:
    • In the general settings:
      • Netcat_bin = / bin / nc - At this point we can define a binary alternative to netcat, remember that we emphasize the importance of early use Netcat version of OpenBSD. As with Ubuntu 4.10 this is already the default, I'm using the default path / bin / nc.
      • Riv_udp_port = "9876" - Here we define which port our script will be listening for messages from Rivendell, you should use a port that is not being used by any service above 1024 and ever since we are not running as root. The port is also used here as defined in the configuration of Rivendell.
      • Message = "Name of your radio" - The message specified here is used when the RDAirPlay is closed or when the event is in the air that is not configured to send names (jingles, commercials, called , etc.).
      • Min_title_size = 5 - Minimum size of characters that the event must have for the the standard message set in the previous section is replaced by the name of the event. This is used to filter unwanted events of null characters.

Settings Icecast2

  • In the file/ etc / rdstreamdata.conf
    • These settings define whether or not you use a server Icecast2 and what data to access it.
      • Ic_enable = true - If the value is different fromtrue the server Icecast2 not be updated.
      • Ic_server = "localhost" - Hostname or IP of server Icecast2, change as needed.
      • Ic_admin = "admin" - User Icecast2 server administrator, change as needed.
      • Ic_pass = "password" - User password server administrator Icecast2, change as needed.
      • Ic_port = "8888" - Server port Icecast2, change as needed.
      • Ic_mount = "/ radio" - Mount point Icecast2 server, change as needed.

Settings Shoucast

  • In the file/ etc / rdstreamdata.conf
    • These settings define whether or not you use a Shoutcast server and what data to access it.
      • Sc_enable = true - If the value is different fromtrue the Shoutcast server will not be updated.
      • Sc_server = "localhost" - Hostname or IP of the Shoutcast server, change as needed.
      • Sc_admin = "admin" - User Shoutcast server administrator, change as needed.
      • Sc_pass = "password" - Password for user administrator Shoutcast server, change as needed.
      • Sc_port = "8080" - Shoutcast server port, change as needed.

Configuring Rivendell

This is an essential step for the update to run, since the Rivendell not send the desired information is useless effort. To enable the transmission of information follow the following steps:

  • Enter rdadmin.

File: rdstreamdata_01.jpeg

  • Click onManage Hosts.

File: rdstreamdata_02.jpeg

  • Select the Host which runs RDAirPlay and clickEdit.

File: rdstreamdata_03.jpeg

  • ClickRDAirPlay

File: rdstreamdata_04.jpeg

  • On the screen that opens clickNow & Next Set Parameters.

File: rdstreamdata_05.jpeg

  • Fill in the fields as indicated:
    • IP Address
    • UDP Port: 9876 - The same setup informed/ etc / rdstreamdata.conf.
    • UDP String:% a -% t% r - Thus we have a message with the names of the artist and the current song, plus a line break.

File: rdstreamdata_06.jpeg

At this point the RDAirPlay is ready to send UDP messages to update our Streaming, however we must be sure that groups are configured to transmit the event information.

  • Free rdadmin again.

File: rdstreamdata_01.jpeg

  • ClickGroups.

File: rdstreamdata_07.jpeg

  • Select a group that wants to transmit information and clickEdit.

File: rdstreamdata_08.jpeg

  • Check theTransmit Now & Next day and click OK.

File: rdstreamdata_09.jpeg

  • Repeat the last steps for all desired groups.
  • Close and reopen the RDAirPlay. Now the Rivendell should already be updating your streaming server!

Happy Rivendelling!

You can follow any updates to the log file/ var / log / rdstreamdata.log

Further Rivendell Streaming Info

You can also see the page Stream under Debian for information about streaming under Rivendell but it references darkice and ices-kh(ices2). The first if compiled does not work and the latter is hard to find if you even can.

Also see Rivendell Loadable Modules for more info on meta data transfer to external systems

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